The first symptoms of stomach cancer.
The first and completely natural question that pops into the mind of every healthy person: what symptoms can suspect stomach cancer at the very initial stage? And what should be done so as not to start the disease? After all, the first symptoms of stomach cancer are most often scarce and uncertain.
It should be noted immediately that stomach cancer has now receded somewhat. He no longer occupies such a stable third position in oncology. And even more so – it is cured in the initial stages of the disease. But there is a danger: not only the patients themselves, but also doctors often regard them as a manifestation of gastritis and are limited to prescribing a diet and various medications. However, by carefully analyzing complaints, you can catch a number of symptoms that make cancer suspect. At one time, these symptoms were identified by the famous domestic oncologist L. I. Savitsky in the so-called “syndrome of small signs.” It would seem that such symptoms do not represent anything special, but an experienced diagnostician can suggest the onset of the cancer process in the patient.
So, the first symptoms of stomach cancer are:
– Change in the patient’s well-being within a few weeks, expressed in the appearance of causeless general weakness, reduced ability to work, and rapid fatigue.
– A persistent decrease in appetite or its complete loss up to an aversion to food.
– The appearance of “gastric discomfort”: loss of a physiological feeling of satisfaction from eating, a feeling of fullness of the stomach even after a small amount of food, as well as a feeling of heaviness, fullness, sometimes soreness in the epigastric region, and occasionally nausea and vomiting.
– Unreasonable progressive weight loss, accompanied by pallor of the skin, not explained by other diseases, severe depression, loss of joy in life, interest in the environment, work, apathy, alienation.
If previous symptoms have changed
Of course, many of these symptoms can be caused by diseases other than cancer. However, if these symptoms occur and last for a long period of time, you should immediately consult a doctor, especially if you are over 50 years old.
Only with already widespread cancer of the stomach, its vivid signs begin to appear: persistent pains radiating to the back, persistent vomiting, sharp general weakness, progressive weight loss and anemia. There is a feeling of fullness of the stomach after eating, nausea, belching “rotten”, vomiting. The patient’s appearance also changes: the skin turns pale, the elasticity of the skin is lost, and in the later stages of the disease it often takes an earthy tint.
As the tumor grows, new symptoms of stomach cancer appear:
– a feeling of heaviness in the stomach after eating, nausea and vomiting;
– violation of the stool (diarrhea, constipation);
– pain in the upper abdomen, girdle pain, extending to the back (with the spread of the tumor into the pancreas);
– an increase in the size of the abdomen, the accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity (ascites);
– weight loss;
– with the destruction of the tumor of the vessels, the development of gastrointestinal bleeding is possible.
With gastric bleeding, there is a sharp weakness, up to loss of consciousness, vomiting of “coffee grounds” or dark blood with clots, black “tarry” stools. With perforation (breakthrough) of the tumor and the release of the contents of the stomach into the abdominal cavity, peritonitis develops. Its main manifestations are sharp severe pain in the abdomen, tension of the muscles of the abdominal wall, weakness, fever.
If you have problems with your stomach …
Aching, stabbing, burning. One word is an ulcer
The most popular method for diagnosing stomach cancer
Modern diagnostic methods make it possible to determine the presence of cancer cells already in the initial stage of the disease. When confirming the diagnosis of cancer, it is necessary to clarify its distribution. This is done using a number of methods.
Today, the method of endoscopy of the stomach is most popular for the diagnosis of gastric cancer. In this procedure, after anesthesia, a thin flexible tube with a illuminator (endoscope) is inserted through the mouth, and the doctor examines the esophagus, stomach, and the initial section of the small intestine (duodenum 12). In the presence of a suspicious site, less is taken