We face a new type of addiction
The videoconference “Desomorphine-Free Advanced Regions. The Unique Experience of Four Subjects of the Russian Federation” connected the subjects in which prescription drugs of codeine-containing drugs have already been introduced – Kazan, Belgorod, Kaluga, Lipetsk and Moscow. The heads of regions insist on the introduction of a widespread ban on over-the-counter dispensing of codeine-containing medicines dispensed from pharmacies, not from June 1, 2012, but from the beginning of next year.
There is no region in Russia that would not be affected by the problem of desomorphine addiction. The low price of the drug, the ability to make it at home from codeine-containing drugs dispensed from pharmacies without a prescription, make it available. Desomorphine is a dangerous synthetic drug with high toxicity and a significant risk of overdose. It causes rapid addiction, its constant use in a very short time leads to death. Desomorphine (the slang name is “crocodile”) is included in the list of narcotic substances and is prohibited for circulation in the Russian Federation. Currently, this narcotic substance is produced in artisanal conditions on the basis of codeine-containing drugs, it is made and used directly in stains, since it loses its properties during storage – its shelf life is only 3 hours.
According to Viktor Ivanov, the problem of desomorphine addiction has become especially acute in Russia and has become epidemic in nature. “In the country, the number of consumers of desomorphine is approaching a quarter of a million people. At the same time, the mortality rate from desomorphine addiction begins to compete with heroin mortality,” he said. The number of desomorphine consumers in Russia has increased 25 times over the past two years.
According to the director of the Federal Drug Control Service of Russia, the seizures of desomorphine over the past 5 years have grown by almost 40 times. So, if in 2006 about 2 kg were seized, then this year the figure was almost a centner. “This drug is 9 times more toxic than morphine. It very quickly leads to fatal consequences. The life expectancy of a demorphin drug user is 5 times shorter than the life of a heroin user,” he stated.
Viktor Ivanov emphasized that a huge stream of citizens ’requests came into the service with a request to introduce prescription codeine-containing drugs as quickly as possible. Similar numerous appeals come to the heads of regions throughout the country. “At present, under the pressure of the public, guided by common sense and a sense of responsibility for their citizens, a number of constituent entities of the Russian Federation have already taken the appropriate decision to introduce a prescription vacation order. These are the Lipetsk, Kaluga, Belgorod regions, Tatarstan, Tuva, Kaliningrad. 23 subjects of the Russian Federation are now preparing documents to streamline the procedure for dispensing codeine-containing funds, “he noted.” In the regions where such an order was introduced, a halving of the rate of increase in the formation of new drug traffickers is recorded. even codeine-containing drugs happened immediately 7 times. At the same time, drug users on trains went to neighboring regions where over-the-counter marketing of codeine-containing drugs was not prohibited. ”
The problem affects not only Russia
Viktor Ivanov said that this problem affects not only Russia. So, from November 1, Kazakhstan introduced a prescription procedure for dispensing codeine-containing drugs. The problem exists in the USA. There, one of the largest epidemics is the abuse of pain medication.
After the speech of the head of the Federal Drug Control Service of Russia, the heads of the regions in which they prescribed prescription codeine-containing drugs shared their experience. All regional leaders say that after the decision was made, tens and even hundreds of lives were saved, and only positive reviews and thank-you letters are received from citizens. So, in the Kaluga region, the introduction of prescription control led to a 7-fold decrease in the sale of codeine-containing drugs. And the most commonly used in the preparation of desomorphine drug “Terpincoda” – 36 times.
In Tatarstan, the situation has stabilized
According to the President of Tatarstan, Rustam Minnikhanov, in recent years in Tatarstan, the growth rate of the number of patients registered with the diagnosis of drug addiction has stabilized at the level of 1-2 percent. “The incidence rate has halved, the number of fatal poisoning by narcotics has decreased more than three times,” the head of the Republic of Tajikistan described the situation in the republic. “Despite the fact that positive processes have begun to prevail, the problem of drug addiction requires constant attention and timely response to new challenges Synthetic drugs have become widespread recently, and since 2010 there has been an increase in offenses related to the illicit trafficking of desomorphine.