Kalman syndrome (KS) is a rare genetic disease in humans. It is determined by the delay, the absence of signs of puberty in combination with the absence or violation of the sense of smell.
Diagnosis of the syndrome is often difficult, since up to adolescence in a child, symptoms may be unexpressed or absent altogether. The absence of pubertal changes that are detected by visual examination is important in diagnosing the patient’s condition. In addition, other diagnostic tests are performed to detect, first of all, decreased smell, genetic mutations or structural disorders of the endocrine glands that can cause similar symptoms.
The most distinctive feature that usually prompts patients to seek medical attention is a partial or complete absence of puberty. Men may report symptoms such as decreased libido, erectile dysfunction, decreased muscle mass, and decreased aggressiveness. Continue reading
An electrocardiogram, or ECG, is a simple test that doctors use to measure the electrical activity of the heart.
This helps them identify underlying heart diseases.
Sometimes non-standard ECG results are just a normal change in a person’s heart rate. In other cases, this may be due to the underlying condition of the heart or a reaction to medications that the person is taking.
Reading an ECG is a useful diagnostic tool. After the doctor has determined the underlying condition, he can offer the appropriate treatment.
What causes the wrong ECG?
An incorrect ECG means that there is something unexpected in the results of the ECG. This is not always a sign of an unhealthy heart.
For example, in 2015, researchers found that athletes involved in sports regularly had abnormal ECG readings. Continue reading